In the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina branches of specialization, duration, curriculum specialization and subspecialization, the criteria which have to have health institutions to perform specialization and subspecialization, method of conducting of specialization and subspecialization and method of specialist exam are defined by the Law of Health Protection („Official Gazette of B&H“, no.46/10 and the and the Regulations on specialization and subspecializations of doctors of medicine, doctors of dental medicine and masters of pharmacists („Official Gazette of B&H“, no.11/06, 11/11, 17/11, 22/11, 26/11, 82/11, 41/12 and 79/12)..
Pursuant to article 154. of the Law of Health Protection („Official Gazette of B&H“, no. 46/10) specialization can be approved to a health worker and associate who has been granted for independent work and who is employed in a medical institution which awards specialization or has a private practice or works for health workers with university degrees at private practice and who has at least one year of professional experience after the professional exam. The application for approval of specialization have to submitt medical institution or the Faculty in accordance with Art. 13. of the Regulations on specialization and subspecializations of doctors of medicine, doctors of dental medicine and masters of pharmacists.
Approval of specialization and subspecialization is issued by the Minister of Health on the basis of the estabilish plan of necessary staff issued by the competent chamber. Based on a application by the component Ministry of Health Federal Ministry of Health prepares plan of specialization and subspecialization of medical staff for the current year for health care institutions in the certain canton.
Pravilnik o načinu i postupku odobravanja specijalizacija odnosno subspecijalizacija, kao i načinu polaganja specijalističkog odnosno subspecijalističkog ispita za stranog državljanina („Službene novine Federacije BiH“, broj 69/12)
Pravilnik o uvjetima i načinu priznavanja specijalističkog, odnosno subspecijalističkog staža, kao i način priznavanja specijalističkog, odnosno subspecijalističkog ispita obavljenog i položenog u inostranstvu („Službene novine Federacije BiH“, broj 70/12)